What is html and why it is used ?


HTML Tutorial

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, which is the most widely used language on the web for developing web pages, html is used to create web pages. HTML was created by Berners-Lee in late 1991, but "HTML 2.0" was the first standard HTML specification that was published in 1995. HTML 4.01 was the major version of HTML and was published in late 1999. Although HTML 4.01 is widely used but in we currently have HTML-5, which is an extension of HTML 4.01, and this version was released in 2012.


Why learn HTML?

Originally, HTML was developed with the intention of defining the structure of documents, such as headings, paragraphs, lists, and so on, to facilitate the sharing of scientific information among researchers. Now HTML is widely used to format web pages using various tags available in HTML.

HTML is a MUST for students and working professionals to become great software engineers, especially when working in the web development domain. Here are some of the key benefits of learning HTML.

  • Create a website - If you know HTML well, you can create a website or modify an existing website template.
  • Become a Web Designer – If you want to start as a professional web designer, designing HTML and CSS is a must.
  • Understand the Web - If you want to optimize your website, increase its speed and performance, it's a good idea to know HTML to get the best results.
  • Learn other languages ​​– Once you understand the basics of HTML, other related technologies like javascript, php or angular will be easier to understand.

Hello world using HTML.

To give you some HTML fun, I'll give you a little conventional HTML program Hello World.

HTML application

As previously mentioned, HTML is one of the most widely used languages ​​on the web. I will list some of them here:

Web Development - HTML is used to create pages that are rendered over the web. Almost every web page has html tags in it to render the details in the browser.
Internet Navigation – HTML provides the tags that are used to navigate from one page to another and is widely used in Internet navigation.
Responsive User Interface – HTML pages now work well on all platforms, mobile devices, tabs, desktops or laptops thanks to the responsive design strategy.
Offline support - Once loaded, HTML pages can be accessed offline on a computer without the need for an Internet connection.
Game Development – ​​HTML5 has native support for rich experiences and is now useful in the game development arena as well.


This HTML tutorial is intended for beginning web designers and developers who need to understand HTML in sufficient detail along with its simple overview and practical examples. This tutorial will give you enough ingredients to get started with HTML where you can progress to a higher level of expertise.


Before proceeding with this tutorial, you should have a basic working knowledge of Windows or Linux operating system, plus you must be familiar with −
  1. Experience with any text editor like Notepad, Notepad++ or Edit plus etc.
  2. How to create directories and files on your computer.
  3. How to navigate through different directories.
  4. How to write content to a file and save it to your computer.
  5. Understanding of images in different formats like JPEG, PNG format.


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